All Breast lumps are not cancerous

All Breast lumps are not cancerous

Breast lumps are very common and mostly benign.


These are the most common benign lumps. If you push on them, they are solid, round, rubbery lumps that move freely. They’re usually painless. Women between 20 and 30 get them most often. Fibroadenomas can be surgically removed. 

Fibrocystic Breast disease-

Changes in hormones during your menstrual cycles can create changes in your breasts. These are known as fibrocystic breast changes. You could get lumps in both breasts that increase in size and tenderness just before your period. You might have a nipple discharge as well. Women ages 30 to 50 are more likely to have this disease.

The lumps are milk ducts and tissues around them that have grown and widened to form cysts. These enlarge quickly in response to hormones released near your period. The lumps may be hard or rubbery and could feel like a single (large or small) lump. Fibrocystic changes can also cause breast tissue to thicken.


Breast cysts:

Up to a quarter of breast lumps are fluid-filled cysts that usually affect both breasts.  Breast cysts can be tender and lumpy, but they don’t make you more prone to cancer. Cysts often go away without treatment.

Simple cysts become large and painful they can be treated with fine-needle aspiration. This isn’t surgery. Your doctor will place a needle into the area around the lump. If the lump is a cyst, they can suck out the fluid and the cyst will collapse.

 Breast Abscess

painful infection of the breast tissue. Possible causes are a blocked milk duct or bacteria entering the breast. It usually occurs within the first three months of breastfeeding.

Intraductal papillomas. These are small, wart-like growths in the lining of the mammary duct near the nipple. They usually affect women who are 30 to 50. They can cause bleeding from the nipple. Your doctor can remove them with surgery. They are also benign in nature.

Symptoms- Common symptoms are

  • Lump in breast
  • Breast pain
  • Nipple discharge
  • Sometimes change in breast size


  • Mostly by sonography of breast.
  • Mammography
  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy or Trucut biopsy

Treatment- Most types of benign breast disease don’t require treatment. If you experience pain or discomfort or have an increased cancer risk, these treatments can help:

  • Fine needle aspiration to drain fluid-filled cysts.
  • Surgery to remove lumps (lumpectomy)
  • Oral antibiotics for infections like mastitis.