Girls and Puberty
Technically speaking, puberty is nature’s way of transforming a child into an adult, all for the sake of reproduction. While both girls and boys go through puberty, girls reach puberty and sexual maturity at earlier ages than boys do.
So what causes all of these changes are hormones! Actually, the female hormone estrogen is the main one that’s triggering all the changes in your body. Changes that girls can expect at puberty are –
Increase in Height and Weight
Starting at around age 9, girls begin to gain about 17% to 18% of their adult height. Most girls grow fastest about six months before they start their first period (menarche).
Usually, girls gain weight during puberty. You may notice more body fat along the upper arms, thighs, and upper back. Your hips will grow rounder and wider; your waist will become narrow. If you are gaining weight too fast, you may need to increase your exercise and substitute fruits and vegetables for junk foods.
Breast development is an early sign of puberty in girls. This can happen before age 9 in some girls, but later in others.
Increase in Hair
While for most girls, breast development is the first sign of puberty, others might first notice pubic hair. An increase in hair on your arms and legs, in your armpits, and around your pubic area happens to girls early in puberty.
Your First Menstrual Period
Soon after they develop breasts, most girls have their first menstrual period. This usually happens between ages 12 and 13, but menstruation can start earlier or later. During a menstrual period, there are two to three days of heavier bleeding with two to four days of lighter flow.
Menstruation happens to all girls, so try not to be embarrassed in learning more about it. Talk to your mom or an adult you trust about having your period.
During your period, you’ll need to wear a sanitary pad or tampon. Your mom (or another adult) can purchase these products and show you how to use them. Be sure to keep extra pads or tampons in a few days prior to the date of menses in the bag. Consult a gynecologist in Indore for any puberty-related issues.