Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrial tissue) grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. During each menstrual cycle, the displaced tissue responds to normal hormonal changes like normal endometrial tissue — thickening, breaking down, and bleeding. Sometimes these changes can occur focally then it is known as Adenomyoma.
This is a common condition and is most often diagnosed in middle-aged women.
The Disease can Cause the Following Symptoms-
- Heavy, prolonged menstrual bleeding.
- Severe menstrual cramps.
- Abdominal pressure and bloating.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Painful intercourse.
Treatment Options for Adenomyosis Include:
Anti-inflammatory drugs, gynecologists in Indore might recommend anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or Tranexamic acid with Mefenamic acid to control the pain and bleeding. By starting an anti-inflammatory medicine one to two days before your period begins and taking it during your period, you can reduce menstrual blood flow and help relieve pain.
Combined estrogen-progestin birth control pills. birth control pills often cause amenorrhea — the absence of your menstrual periods which might provide some relief.
Progestin-only contraception, such as an intrauterine device like levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena). Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system contains the female hormone, levonorgestrel. It is placed in the uterus (womb) where it slowly releases the hormone and cures excessive bleeding during menses and other symptoms of adenomyosis continuous use of Surgical Treatment.
Conservative surgery involving endomyomertial ablation, laparoscopic myometrial electrocoagulation or excision has proven to be effective in >50% of patients, although follow-up is necessary.
If symptoms are severe and no other treatments have worked, your doctor might suggest surgery to remove your uterus. Removing your ovaries isn’t necessary to control adenomyosis. Hysterectomy always relieves the patient from all the symptoms in severe cases of adenomyosis.
Adenomyosis often resolves after menopause as hormones needed for changes in the endometrium are no more secreted from the ovary. Consult a gynecologist for adenomyosis treatment in Indore.